Open symposia proposals

These symposia are open and need to be completed by other presentations.

Each complementary speaker should submit his/her abstract before 1 December 2013 on the congress website: http://www.icap2014.com/call-for-individual-papers-and-posters/68 by selecting the type of presentation “open symposium ” and by indicating the symposium reference number (ex ICAP2014-SPXXXX).



TOPIC: ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

FACTORS THAT INCREASE SELF-DETERMINATION IN EMPLOYEES
Tony Machin 1,*
1Psychology, University of Southern Queenaland, Toowoomba, Australia

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1450
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Organizational Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Recent developments in understanding motivation have drawn from Self-Determination Theory (SDT) which distinguishes between intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. There are clear benefits to being intrinsically motivated and even extrinsic factors can be internalised so that the source of motivation is more “autonomous”. Many external factors can potentially impact on the individual’s autonomous motivation to participate in learning and career development activities, as well as their involvement in workplace change. This symposium will extend previous research that has examined factors which contribute to developing and maintaining autonomous motivation and its impact on proactive and prosocial work behaviours.
The first paper will outline how employees’ perceptions of the organisations’ investment in non-mandatory PD are linked to employees’ autonomous motivation and career-related intrinsic benefits of PD. Autonomy Support and Satisfaction of Basic Needs were also included as predictors.
The second paper will outline how autonomous motivation and, in turn, intrinsic benefits and prosocial benefits are related to employees’ transfer implementation intentions. The role of extrinsic benefits in this process was also examined.
The third paper examined the unique and synergistic effects of engaging leadership in predicting autonomous motivation at work and also considered the impact of time in position, employee age, gender and hours worked as potential predictors.

Speaker 1: Tony MACHIN (University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)
Organisational antecedents of autonomous motivation for non-mandatory professional development

Speaker 2: Kim SANKEY (University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)
Examining the personal benefits of non-mandatory professional development

Speaker 3: David SMITH (University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)
The unique and synergistic effects of engaging leadership in predicting autonomous motivation at wor


 INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO PERSONNEL SELECTION
Neil D. Christiansen 1Cornelius J. König 2,*

1Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, United States, 2Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1458
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Organizational Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Although personnel selection is one of the oldest topics in applied psychology, research on how to hire and promote the best employees continues to advance.  The focus of this open symposium is on recent innovations in the field that may result in the best outcomes for the organization and applicants alike. There are already three papers for the proposed session that involve different assessment methods (employment interview, assessment centers, and situational judgment tests) and we are looking for two additional papers that would complement these.
The first paper involves impression management in employment interviews, but instead of focusing on the interviewee this research examines efforts by the interviewer to create a favorable impression. Wilhelmy et al. conducted a field study of selection interviews and found interviewer self-promotion influences organizational attractiveness and intention to accept an offer. Interviewer ingratiation was also shown to increase applicants’ positive affect and self-efficacy.
The study by Melchers and his colleagues considers the construct validity of assessment centers by proposing an alternative to the traditional dimensions used, namely trait ratings based on the Five-Factor Model of personality. Typically, ratings of the same dimension from different exercises do not converge very strongly and are not as highly correlated as ratings of different dimensions from the same exercise. Using dimensions based on four of the five personality traits and ratings derived from three different exercises, better convergence of ratings from the same dimensions were found across exercises.
The paper by Christiansen et al. focuses on selection for social intelligence. Individuals who are effective in difficult interpersonal interactions are those who excel at social problem solving; however, practical methods to assess the construct have proven elusive. This research demonstrates the validity of using a situational judgment test to assess social intelligence across four studies. Results show that scores on the test correlated more with cognitive ability than personality, converged with other ability-based assessments relevant to the construct, predicted social effectiveness during actual behavioral interactions, and explained accuracy of interview judgments beyond scores of general mental ability.

Speaker 1: - Annika WILHELMY (Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland)
- The effects of interviewer impression management on applicant reactions

Speaker 2: - Klaus MELCHERS (Universität Ulm, Ulm, Germany)
- Eventually, we made it… – construct valid ratings in assessment centers

Speaker 3: - Neil CHRISTIANSEN (Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, USA)
- Social intelligence in the workplace: Using situational judgments to hire more interpersonally effective employees

RISK FACTORS FOR WORKING WOMEN’S WELLBEING, FUNCTIONING AND GROWTH: WHAT WE KNOW AND WHAT WE CAN DO?
Victor E. Sojo 1 2,*
1Melbourne Business School, 2Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1461
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Organizational Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
The last fifty years have seen a consistent increase in the participation of women in the labour force worldwide (Charles, 2011; International Labour Office, 2012). Similarly, women’s educational attainment has increased, and is now expected to surpass that of men in many industrial nations (Charles, 2011; Stevenson & Wolfers, 2009).
Participation in the workforce brings women many positive consequences (e.g., opportunities to master new situations and develop skills, a social network, the experience of satisfaction with an intrinsically rewarding activity, and economic independence). Also, women’s participation in the workforce has the potential to foster economic growth (Abhayaratna, & Lattimore, 2006; Women’s Business Council – UK, 2013).
However, women’s participation in the workforce is still highly constrained by social and economic structures, and by implicit and explicit social expectations about the roles women are meant to play in society as a whole, and in particular at home and work (Sorensen & Verbrugge, 1987; Treas, van der Lippe, & Chloe Tai, 2011).

There is research indicating that working women are more likely than men to experience many negative events both at home and work. Working women are more likely to become targets of workplace harassment (Bjorkqvist, Osterman, & Hjelt-Back, 1994; Cortina, Magley, Williams, & Langhout, 2001), sexual harassment (Rospenda, Richman, & Shannon, 2009), gender-based discrimination (Schmitt, Branscombe, Kobrynowica, & Owen, 2002), negative attitudes towards their gender (Eagly, & Karau, 2002), and sexual assault (Elliot, Mok, & Briere, 2004), as well as other stressors such as inter-role conflict (Frone, Russell, & Cooper, 1992; Noor, 2004).
The study of the different risk factors working women are exposed to is central to develop valid theories in this area and to propose organisational practices to protect and foster women’s fit, functioning and growth at work.
The aim of this symposium is to present accumulated evidence about the different risk factors working women are exposed to, the theories explaining these events and the implications of the findings for both organisational research and practice.

Speaker 1: - Victor SOJO & Robert WOOD (Melbourne Business School, Melbourne – Australia)
The impact of harmful workplace behaviours on women’s occupational wellbeing: A meta-analysis

Speaker 2: - Anna GENAT, Robert WOOD, & Victor SOJO (Melbourne Business School, Melbourne – Australia)
Gender evaluation bias and backlash at work: a meta-analysis of dimensions and predictors.


MULTITEAM SYSTEMS AT WORK
Leslie A. Dechurch 1,*
1Psychology, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, United States

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1502
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Organizational Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium: Modern organizations are built around teams. Teams need to come together and connect their efforts with those of other teams. In fact, the organizational goals of greatest value: product development, value creation, market share, and innovation come about at a level of analysis higher than the team, through the synergies of networked teams whose members pursue both proximal team goals and distal system goals, i.e., multiteam systems (MTSs; Mathieu, Marks, & Zaccaro, 2000). MTSs are a relatively new unit of inquiry in organizational communication that refers to networks of teams where members work toward both proximal team goals and distal system goals (Poole & Contractor, 2011; Zaccaro, Marks, & DeChurch, 2011). This hierarchical arrangement of goals calls for patterned communication within and across teams such that team members are tightly coupled, and the members of distinct teams are more loosely coupled. MTS research seeks to explain the performance of the overall system, as opposed to the effectiveness of individuals or of small stand-alone teams.
Because of their prevalence in team-based organizations, multiteam systems have garnered significant attention in the organizational sciences over the past decade. This symposium will bring together a diverse set of presentations using multiple methodologies and research settings to advance our basic understanding of MTS functioning. The goals of this session are twofold: (1) to engage the ICAP community in the state of the science of MTSs, and (2) to build connections among the researchers studying MTSs from different disciplines and nations.
The symposium will open with a brief presentation by the organizer, and then commence with up to five presentations (three of which are listed below). Presentations will be kept to 12 minutes each in order to allow sufficient time for audience engagement with the key insights, questions, and challenges posed by each of the talks.
 
Speaker 1: Stephen J. Zaccaro (George Mason U., Fairfax, VA, USA)
Confluent & Countervailing Forces in Multiteam Systems

Speaker 2: Noshir S. Contractor (Northwestern U., Evanston, IL, USA)
Generative Mechanisms of Multiteam Processes: A Relational Event Network Approach

Speaker 3: Barthelemy Chollet (Grenoble Ecole de Management, Grenoble, FR)
Relational Currents and Crosscurrents of Scientific Multiteam Systems


DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION MANAGEMENT : EVIDENCE FROM CHINA
Ningyu Tang 1,*Jinyu Xie 2 on behalf of 3Xiaomei Zhu 3 on behalf of 2
1Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 2Sichuan University, Chengdu, 3East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang, China

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1511

Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Organizational Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Recently, managing workforce diversity and including employees of various backgrounds into organizations’ work and non-work life have become an increasingly important task for organizations around the world (Richard 2000; Roberson 2006). From an organizational perspective, an important aspect of diversity management is to understand of the diversity of workforce and create a work environment where diverse groups of employees feel included and involved. This symposium will look at the diversity issue in Chinese context and discuss about the content of inclusion management and high involvement management and their affect on employees. Paper 1 first used in-depth interviews to explore the content of inclusive leadership in Chinese context. It points out that “tolerance” is one of the key elements of inclusive leadership. Then it uses empirical study to survey about 350 employees in a Chinese state owned company to test the model of inclusive leadership.In paper 2, a moderated mediation model has been constructed based on 356 professionals’ survey to explain the influence of high involvement work system on professional innovative performance. The results show that: (1) high involvement work system has significantly positive effect on professional innovative performance; (2) inclusive leadership moderates the effect of high involvement work system on professional innovative performance; (3) supervisor trust mediates the moderating effect of inclusive leadership between high involvement work system and professional innovative performance. The study  3 discussed the individualism character and contracted mentality of Chinese youth on career choice, based on 18 in-depth interviews and 249 self-portrait essays. The study discussed the individualism character and contracted mentality of Chinese youth on career choice, based on 18 in-depth interviews and 249 self-portrait essays.

Speaker 1: Ningyu Tang, Professor, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China(Symposium Organizer)
Chiyin Chen, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China,
Cheng Duan, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
Kaili Zhang, Shangahi Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
Title: Inclusive Leadership in China: Development of A Measurement
 
Speaker 2: Xiaomei Zhu, Professor, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang, China
Title: How High Involvement Work System Influences Professional Innovative Performance: An Analysis of the Mediated Moderation Effect
 
Speaker 3: Jinyu Xie, Professor, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
Rui Hong, Ph.D Candidate, Fudan University
 Title: Away from freedom and self: Un-realized individualism--A qualitative research on career choice of Chinese "after-85" generation


STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP ACROSS CULTURES:  THE GLOBE STUDY OF CEO LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR AND EFFECTIVENESS IN 24 COUNTRIES
Peter W. Dorfman 1,*
1College of Business Administration and Economics , Las Cruces, United States

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1538
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Organizational Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
This symposium for ICAP 2014 will report on the results of the latest Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness project (GLOBE). It was a 10 yearlong research study developed to fill a gap in our knowledge about strategic leadership and organizational effectiveness. Our overarching hypothesis is that CEO’s whose leadership style is congruent with a society’s leadership expectations are more effective in managing their top management teams and in leading their corporations to higher levels of success.  We also explore the extent to which CEOs actually manifest the behaviors desired within their society. To this end, we conducted a large scale study of CEOs in 24 cultures to better understand how and why they behave and what accounts for their success or failure.  Specifically, we surveyed more than 1,000 CEOs and 5000 top management team (TMT) members reporting to these CEOs from a total sample of 24 countries. Interviews were also conducted with the CEOs.
While this phase of the GLOBE project builds on and integrates the previous GLOBE phases, it has a markedly different focus from the prior phases. The focus has changed from the perspectives of mid-level managers reported in GLOBE 2004 and GLOBE 2007 to top level executives (CEOs and their TMT). Our goal was to fulfill a need to develop a unified theory that examines how executives influence organizational performance in general, propose how cultures influence executive styles, determine which leadership behaviors are most critical to organizational success, and understand how global leaders may be able to navigate the dangerous cross-cultural waters inherent in vastly different national cultures. We provide empirical evidence as to how the very best CEOs differ from the others to create sustainable, healthy, and profitable organizations.

Speaker 1: Peter W. Dorfman (College of Business Administration and Economics, Las Cruces, USA)
Background of Project GLOBE (2004 and 2007) and Introduction of the CEO Project
Speaker 2: Paul Hanges (University of Maryland, College Park, USA)
Methodological Development, Construct Conceptualization and Analytic Strategy including Tricky Statistical Issues
Speaker 3: Mansour Javidan (Thunderbird School of Global Management, Glendale, USA),


 

TOPIC: ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT


MAXIMISING WASTE AVOIDANCE AND WASTE RECYCLING BEHAVIOURS
Vincent Femia 1, 2,
1Ezko Property Services , 2VAFEMIA Consulting, Sydney, Australia

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1349
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Environmental Psychology, Sustainable Development

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Is the right message getting out? Are people aware of their waste creating behaviours? Are they prepared to implement what is best practice to minimise waste creation, and at what cost? Will individuals recycle or compost food waste? Is education working? Does publicising the rating of the waste and recycling performance influence the individual’s behaviour? How do their attitudes correlate to their actual waste and recycling behaviour?
As recycling becomes more readily available and the recycling programs more easily understand, the amount of paper, plastic, steel, aluminium and glass recycled has increased. The challenge for those charged with the making decisions is how else can the amount of waste going to landfill be reduced, or what else can be recycled efficiently and economically?

Speaker 1: Vincent Femia (Ezko Property Services, VAFEMIA Consulting, Sydney, Australia)
Maximising waste avoidance and waste recycling behaviours through education and measured feedback



PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION WITH CLIMATE CHANGE : CASES FROM INDIA
Parul Rishi 1,*
1HRM, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal, India

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1449
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Environmental Psychology, Sustainable Development

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Much of the happenings around us are an outcome of behavioural encounters with our surroundings/ external world or in other words what we may call as “human-climate interface”. Besides natural reasons, climate change has occurred majorly as a result of human insensitivity or apathetic bevaviour towards our environment. Psychologists across the globe are constantly exploring the reasons behind this human indifference. Psychological intervention in the domain of climate change is the need of the hour in view of increasing behavioural adaptation and coping capacities of individuals in their dealings with climate change. An understanding of the role of human behavior in the perspective of climate change has to be acquired across several dimensions especially in knowing the attitudes and perceptions of people towards climate issues. This symposia would provide a guideline for behavioural scientists, psychologists and researchers worldwide in determining their line of action when dealing with human causal factors responsible for climate change.

Speaker 1: Parul Rishi, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal, India

Speaker 2: Ruchi Mudaliar, SHR College, Bhopal, India

 


Promoting Pro-Environmental Behaviour and Connectedness to Nature

Maxine R. Crawford 1,*
1Psychology, University of British Columbia , Kelowna, Canada

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1492
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Environmental Psychology, Sustainable Development

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Understanding our relationship with nature is vital if we are to address current environmental challenges. Though many scientific reports indicate that climate change is occurring, many individuals continue to engage in environmentally destructive behaviors that exacerbate existing environmental problems. A crucial step towards reducing environmental degradation is to identify interventions that promote pro-environmental behavior.
 
One way to increase pro-environmental behavior is to increase people’s exposure to nature. Research indicates the more time individuals spend in contact with nature, the more connected to nature they feel, and the more likely they are to actively protect the natural environment. Schultz (2000) suggests that just as a relationship with another human can be deepened, so can our relationship with nature. Research supports his claim by consistently demonstrating that when individuals are exposed to nature, their sense of nature-connectedness increases.
 
The purpose of this symposium is to highlight ways to increase pro-environmental behavior and stimulate people’s connection to nature.

Speaker 1:  Maxine, Crawford M.A., University of British Columbia, Canada
Technology and Nature: Unlikely Allies



 

TOPIC:  EDUCATIONAL AND SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY


IMPLEMENTING EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE IN MIDDLE AND HIGHER EDUCATION
Marie-Therese Schultes 1,*
1Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1481
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Educational and School Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Evidence-based practices developed by educational psychologists are expected to significantly contribute to positive educational developments, as they are based on current research and their effectiveness has been evaluated in pilot studies. However, the development of evidence-based practice is just the first step in transferring scientific knowledge to educational settings. A successful transfer process requires at least two more challenging steps: (1) systematic implementation and (2) evaluation of the implementation process. Current implementation research provides concepts and best-practice examples of how these challenges can be met.
This symposium focuses on (1) concepts for the systematic implementation of evidence-based practice in educational settings and (2) methods for evaluating these implementation processes. Concepts for implementing evidence-based practice in middle and higher education are introduced by concrete examples from different countries. Methods for evaluating implementation processes and corresponding results are described by empirical studies from the field.
On the whole, the symposium aims at providing an insight into current implementation research in the field of applied educational psychology. The presented concepts and methods aim to make it possible to derive implementation strategies for evidence-based practice from different topics of educational psychology. This contributes to a better anticipation, identification and handling of challenges while transferring scientific knowledge to educational settings.

Speaker 1: Marie-Therese Schultes (Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)
    
Speaker 2: Evelyn Bergsmann1, Marie-Therese Schultes1, Petra Winter2, Barbara Schober1, & Christiane Spiel1
        - 1Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, evelyn.bergsmann@univie.ac.at; 2University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna
        - Implementing an evaluation concept for competence-oriented teaching in universities



Innovation in School Psychology: mental health destigmatisation interventions
Marta Gonçalves 1,*
1Cis-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisbon, Portugal

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1514

Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Educational and School Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Introduction:
Mental illness, especially emotional and behavioral problems and learning difficulties, increase among children and young citizens. Mental health stigma is one of the biggest barriers in the access to mental health care. Stigma is related to children/youth with mental distress, to the mental health worker, to the mental health treatment and to mental health/illness itself. Children, youth and their parents still think that only “crazy” people use mental health care and that “peers” make fun of those who use mental health care. Such prejudice often leads to negative discriminatory consequences whereby youth with mental illness may be subject to bullying, social exclusion. Stigma plays a large role in unmet need for mental health care, with youth avoiding the perception of carrying a mental illness. In addition to decreasing access to mental health care, stigma also can directly harm youth through lowering self-esteem, and by depriving them of social opportunities such as obtaining a job or a house. Youth mental health de-stigmatization strategies can be education, contact and protest. Evidence shows that programs emphasizing contact are the only which improve attitudes towards mental health care over the long-term.

Objectives:
The aim of this symposium is to present several interventions/experiments in different countries where class-based youth mental health destigmatisation innovative approaches were used/tested. Based on concrete cases, the symposium will allow a discussion of implications for action, policy and future research within innovation in School Psychology based on new class-bases mental health destigmatisation approaches at international level and promote networking among the participants.

Speaker 1: Marta Gonçalves
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL, Lisboa, Portugal
Going to a psychologist is like tidying up the closet: a youth mental health destigmatisation program




TOPIC: HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY


POSITIVE HEALTH AND THE CULTURE OF MEDICINE: FROM CRISIS TO A FLOURISHING PROFESSION AND POPULATION
Marsha W. Snyder, Md. Mapp. 1,*
1Founder/Chief Medical Officer, Creating Positive Health, Center Valley, PA., United States

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1463
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Health Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
The purpose of this symposium is to highlight the relatively new, but growing, field of positive health, its ever-increasing research highlighting the impact of positive health assets on decreased morbidity, mortality, healthcare costs, and increasing thriving and flourishing.  In spite of the optimism implicit in this work, traditional medicine has yet to embrace it. Instead, traditional medicine remains focused on disease and pathology, while prevention, flourishing and human understanding remain relatively unimportant (with regard to education, emphasis and funding). This symposium seeks to explore how positive psychology, and this promising area of research, can join with doctors and traditional medicine, to effect population wellbeing and thriving.
Symposium Objectives:
1.    Highlight recent contributions from positive health to individual and population wellbeing and thriving.
2.    Discuss and explore the roadblocks between positive health advances and tradtional medical practice
3.    Brainstorm strategies for cooperation between these two important fields in order to further population flourishing and contribute to a more robust healthcare economy.
 
Speaker 1: Marsha W. Snyder, MD. MAPP (USA)
Positive Health: From crisis to flourishing professionals and patients

In spite of the optimism implicit in PH research, a worldwide view of the medical profession reveals a 40-60% rate of burnout and ill-being. This begins as early as the first year of medical training. Research reveals that much of this is related to an archaic, disease-oriented medical educational model and a culture of medicine that encourages competition, isolation, and perfection.  The introduction of a curriculum of positive health, resilience and professionalism into medical education, health professional education, and physician continuing medical education can eliminate this epidemic of ill-being. Once doctors are healthy and actively practicing PH, research shows that they are then very likely to teach PH to their patients, leading to a cascade of health and wellbeing.


PROMOTING HEALTH BEHAVIOURS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Robert Tobias 1,*Jennifer Inauen 2
1Environmental Social Sciences, Eawag (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology), Dubendorf, 2Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1485
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Health Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium: In industrialized countries, the importance of using psychology to promote and maintain health by changing behaviours and guiding decisions is well established, and much research is performed in this area. In comparison, the psychological approach has received less attention in developing countries, where the health situation is often more dire. Sometimes, even basic health facilitating infrastructure (e.g. safe water and sanitation) is lacking, and some health behaviours are expensive and complex that are considered simple in industrialized countries (e.g., using a toilet). Can health psychology, in developing countries, contribute to promoting health in the same way as in industrialized countries? What particularities have to be considered?
This symposium aims at presenting psychological research on promoting health in developing countries. The emphasis lies on applications of health behaviour theory to explaining and predicting health behaviour change and health-related decisions and research on the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions. However, more general research on the applicability of psychological theories and methods in developing countries is also welcome. An important outcome of this symposium is an overview of how health psychology can add to mitigating the urgent health problems in developing countries.
Robert Tobias will present a study investigating opportunities and challenges for promoting sanitation services in slums of Kampala (Uganda) and Nairobi (Kenya). The survey data indicates that, for slum dwellers, the decision to have a hygienic toilet is difficult, due to the relatively high costs, and complicated, due to the many constraints given by the living conditions. Jennifer Inauen's presentation will focus on interindividual differences in health behaviour change over time in the context of theory-based interventions promoting arsenic-safe water consumption in Bangladesh. Of particular interest are the characterization and prediction of safe water user types based on the Health Action Process Approach.
We warmly invite further speakers to this open symposium. Their presentations should include empirical studies on health promotion and behaviour change in developing countries regarding any health promoting or preventive behaviours, e.g. hygiene behaviours, safer sex practices, occupational health, vaccination behaviour, medical examinations, alcohol and drug consumption, unhealthy eating, etc.

Speaker 1: Robert TOBIAS (Eawag, Dubendorf, Switzerland)
When health depends on a high cost behaviour: Challenges for promoting sanitation services in urban slums in developing countries

Speaker 2: Jennifer INAUEN (University of Zurich, Switzerland)
Differentiating users of arsenic-safe water options based on the Health Action Process Approach: A longitudinal study in Bangladesh

 


TOPIC: PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW


VIRTUAL REALITY APPLICATIONS IN FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY: FROM RESEARCH TO CLINICAL PRACTICE
Patrice Renaud 1 2,*Massil Benbouriche 1 3
1Laboratory of Virtual Reality Applications in Forensic Psychiatry, Philippe-Pinel Institute of Montréal, Montreal, 2Psychology and Psychoeducation Department, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, 3School of Criminology, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1504
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Psychology and Law

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Violent offending behaviours, in particular when associated with mental illness, remain an important issue. To prevent any recidivism as well to better treat those behaviors, new tools are required. Recently, Virtual Reality (VR) has been proposed as a promising tool in forensic psychiatry. Thanks to its ability to generate highly specific simulated environments, while promoting a high experimental control, VR and related simulation technologies might change the way we do research and clinical practice in forensic psychiatry in the near future. For example, VR can be used in child molesting to assess deviant sexual interests and other dimensions of sexual aggression such as self-regulation processes. In schizophrenia, simulations can be used to help patients regulate positive symptoms. More than being just the "flavor of the month", VR allows a renewal from both methodological and theoretical points of view. In addition to significantly improve ecological validity by providing graphic simulations closer to reality, VR represents one of the few techniques  making first-person stance analysis possible paired with psycho-physiological measurements (such as eyes-tracking and brain imaging). Major benefits in better understanding processes leading to violent behaviors and in improving treatment are expected.
Because most of the areas of forensic psychiatry could benefit from VR, this symposium aims to:
1- introduce VR and its theoretical underpinnings;
2- offer an overview of VR applications in different areas of forensic psychiatry and to different purposes (assessment, treatment or research);
3- discuss perspectives of  VR applications, in particular to the development of brain-computer interface specifically designed to clinical purpose.

Speaker 1: Kevin Nolet (1,2), Massil Benbouriche (1,2), Carla Harensky (3), Patrice Renaud (2,4)
(1)Univeristy of Montreal(2)Philippe-Pinel Institute of Montreal(3)Mind Research Network, New Mexico(4)Université du Québec en Outaouais
Using Virtual Reality and Eye Tracking Technology in the Assessment of Sexual Deviancy.

Speaker 2: Patrice Renaud (1,2), Marc Lavoie (2,3) , Christian Joyal (2,4), Tarik Boukhalfi (2), David Paquin (5)
(1)Université du Québec en Outaouais(2)Philippe-Pinel Institute of Montreal(3)Univeristy of Montreal(4)University of Quebec at Trois Rivières(5)UQAT
Toward a brain-computer interface for empathy training in forensic populations.

Disclosure of Interest: P. Renaud Shareholder of: BéhaVRM. Benbouriche: None Declared


TOPIC: APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY


RISK PERCEPTIONS AND HEURISTICS IN THE MARKET
Shabnam Mousavi 1,*
1Johns Hopkins University, Washington DC, United States

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1479
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Applied Cognitive Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
This symposium aims at bringing together these observations: (1) the use of heuristics or rules of thumb in business decision-making, (2) unknowable market conditions under which corporate managers act as information makers (rather than mere information takers), and (3) the prevalence of uncertainty over risky situations in financial environments.
There seems to be a good amount of evidence indicating that the market conditions deviate from the assumption that managers are information takers, and therefore their rationality can no longer be defined and normatively configured based on such assumption. A fact that helps understanding this real world situation is discussed at length by Richard Zeckhauser in “Investing in the Unknown and Unknowable” (Capitalism and Society). Arguing that the wisest of investors who earned a fortune from investment by exploitation of an non-reducible uncertainty or a forced ignorance. He uses behavioral decision analysis to make sense of what makes for success in under fundamental unknowable market conditions. In addition, alternative decision-making rules and choice strategies can be explored that represent the actual process of choice by managers, for example use of rules of thumb or heuristic, where heuristics are demonstratively used across different fields of business. An example is the Hiatus heuristic constructed by Wübben and Wangenheim’s (2008) in “Instant Customer Base Analysis: Managerial Heuristics Often ‘Get It Right’” (Journal of Marketing). They show that a simple heuristic can better capture the criteria of choice in a managerial situation than complex rules do. Finally, the Wall Street journal named Andy Haldane’s talk, “The Dog and the Frisbee” the speech of the year 2012. Haldane argued that financial system is too complex to be managed by risk analysis, where what describes its situation is a fundamental uncertainty and suggested to use the simple rules and exploration of where and how less can be more. The general idea of this symposium is that bringing together evidence from and thoughts on empirical as well as theoretical aspects of these phenomena will open the way for contributing to a behavioral theory of business decision-making.
Current two presenters are as below:
1. Organizer, Shabnam Mousavi (Johns Hopkins University); Title= Heuristics Successfully Deal with market Uncertainties.
2. Speaker, Reza Kheirandish (Clayton State university); Title= Evidence on Mnagerial Risk Perceptions.
We invite all researchers with direct or tangential interest to the general topic of use of heuristic and existence of multiple risk perceptions in the market to join this symposium.

Speaker 1: Shabnam Mousavi (Johns Hopkins University)
"Heuristics Successfully Deal with Market Uncertainties"

 Speaker 2: Reza Kheirandish (Clayton State University)
"Evidence on Managerial Risk Perceptions"


 Novel implementations and enhancing the potential benefits of Cognitive Bias Modification
Patrick J. F. Clarke 1,*
1Psychology, University Of Western Australia, CRAWLEY, Australia

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1508
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Applied Cognitive Psychology

Define the presentation language of your symposium: I wish to submit this symposium for the ENGLISH program / Je souhaite soumettre ce symposium pour le
Has this symposium been published before ?: No
Introduction and objectives of the symposium: Cognitive Bias Modification has emerged from the field of experimental psychopathology as a promising treatment approach, particularly for emotional and mood disorders. A number of early successes implementing Cognitive Bias Modification techniques within clinical populations have highlighted the significant potential of such cognitive technologies as therapeutic interventions. However, a number of recent studies have implemented intended Cognitive Bias Modification techniques without successfully altering the target cognitive process, and without therapeutic benefit. Such mixed findings clearly highlight the need to understand how we can better implement Cognitive Bias Modification techniques to achieve therapeutic change and, how these cognitive tasks can be enhanced to better achieve their goal of altering problematic patterns of cognition.
 
In line with these two areas of interest, the current symposium is designed to showcase recent research that can increase our understanding of the ways in which cognitive bias modification techniques can better influence their key targets. This may include novel methods of modifying cognitive biases, recent investigations into the conditions under which cognitive change is most likely to occur, or the (emotional, cognitive, neurobiological) characteristics that may determine who is more and less likely to respond to Cognitive Bias Modification techniques. Additionally, it will also seek to include research which has implemented Cognitive Bias Modification strategies in novel ways. This research may encompass new and alternative delivery methods of Cognitive Bias Modification, or the use of these strategies amongst different populations or for different psychological conditions. At its core this symposium will provide new insights into how we can best realise the therapeutic potential of Cognitive Bias Modification.
Speaker 1: Patrick Clarke, University of Western Australia, Utilizing Attention Bias Modification for Anxiety and Arousal in Sleep Disturbance


Individual Differences in Mental-Rotation Ability – Origins and Consequences

Claudia M. Quaiser-Pohl 1,*Petra Jansen 2
1Department of Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Koblenz, 2Institute of Sports Science, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1475
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Applied Cognitive Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Individual differences in the ability to mentally rotate objects, the so-called “mental-rotation ability”, have got a long research tradition. However, there are still many open questions with regard to their causes and consequences.
Some authors have found biological factors to be mainly influential, like pre- or postnatal hormones or the differentiation of the brain. Others point to the role of experience and training and claim that individual differences are the result of different amounts of training in childhood or during the whole life-span. One of the most often studied factors, however, is gender. Here the results are still contradictory and unanswered questions e.g. are the age of onset of gender differences and their dependence on the content (i.e. cubes, letters or animal figures) as well as their stereotyped nature of the stimuli that have to be rotated. The role of other cognitive factors like working memory or motor processes as influential for mental-rotation abilities have been the focus of recent studies. On the other hand, non-cognitive factors like motivation, self-confidence and gender stereotypes seem to influence mental-rotation performance directly or through self-managed experiences with mental-rotation tasks in daily life.
Another still open field of study is the relevance of mental-rotation ability in different fields of application. The importance of mental-rotation ability for the orientation in the environment and as a crucial aptitude for academic careers in the STEM field are only two examples. The role of mental rotation within scientific domains like arts, computer sciences or architecture and its use in education and training might be others. The symposium will present different approaches of research which deal with the development of individual differences in mental-rotation ability and with the factors that are influencing them. On the other hand, it will focus on the role of individual differences in mental-rotation ability in the context of Applied Psychology as well as on their importance for different domains of research.
 


The Psychology of Scientific Collaboration and Communication
Pamela Flattau 1,*
1IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute, Washington DC, United States

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1520
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Applied Cognitive Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
There has been a dramatic growth in scientific research collaboration in recent years as reflected in the number of coauthored journal articles and the increasing diversity of organizational and country affiliations among coauthors (US National Science Board 2012). The genesis of international research collaborations owes in part to the growth of funding opportunities designed to promote organizational and international collaboration (Van Nostrand 1997; European Research Area 2013) but also to the establishment of interpersonal contacts that lead to formal collaborative research arrangements (Liberman and Wolf 1998 and 2013).
International research collaboration plays an important role in promoting worldwide recognition and use of research by key scientists regardless of their organizational or country affiliation.  A citation-based approach to knowledge-flow (Tijssen and Van Leeuwen 2006) is useful for understanding the transfer of codified knowledge from one organization to another and from one country to another.  The recent application of this citation technique to journals reference lists in the behavioral neurosciences revealed that about 10 researchers were commonly cited regardless of the country affiliation of coauthors in articles published between 2007 and 2012 in the top five highly cited journals in that specialty, revealing the central role played by those researchers in the development of innovative research tools and models utilized by scientists around the world (Flattau 2012).
The objectives of this symposium are to give analysts the opportunity to describe advances in the study of the psychology of science with a focus on studies of scientific collaboration and communication.

Speaker 1: Pamela FLATTAU, IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute, Washington DC USA
"Strategic Placement of Scientific Citations in the Development of Formal Scientific Arguments in Behavioral Neuroscience"
Building upon the identification of key "thought leaders" in the behavioral neurosciences, this study applies a text analytic technique to a sample of journal articles published between 2007 and 2012 in five highly cited English-language journals to determine whether the Toulmin Model of Argument can be used to interpret the placement of frequently cited authors in constructing a scientific journal article for publication.


 

TOPIC:  COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY


COUNSELLING IN THE CONTEXT OF IMMIGRATION TRANSITIONS
Nancy Arthur 1,*
1Educational Studies in Counselling Psychology, Werklund School of Education, UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY, Calgary, Canada

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1523
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Counseling Psychology

Define the presentation language of your symposium: I wish to submit this symposium for the ENGLISH program / Je souhaite soumettre ce symposium pour le
Has this symposium been published before ?: No
Introduction and objectives of the symposium: Shifting patterns of mobility and immigration throughout the world require that a growing number of people’s mental health and well-being be viewed within the context of international transitions. There are increasing pressures and opportunities for people to be mobile between countries and unprecedented numbers of people in the world who are displaced from their home countries. Changes in local economies, political power, and living conditions create conditions that lead people to seek temporary and/or longer-term solutions through migration. It is important to consider the role of psychologists for supporting people during their transitions across countries and across cultures.
Psychologists need to be familiar with broader global changes that lead to mobility within and between countries, and their relevance for guiding career practice. In turn, professionals engaged in counselling need to be knowledgeable about the nature of international transitions and the ways that migration impacts on people’s social and personal integration. This symposium focuses on the conceptual frameworks that psychologists use to understand the cultural and contextual influences on the emerging issues of people experiencing immigration transitions.  The purpose of this symposium is to address contemporary issues and approaches for counselling in the context of international transitions. In particular, this symposium focuses on the psychology of migration and counselling migrants – people who live and work or study in another country on a temporary or permanent basis– including  immigrants, refugees, temporary foreign workers, international students and their accompanying family members. 

Speaker 1: Nancy Arthur, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada, narthur@ucalgary.ca
Careers Interrupted: Counselling Needs of the Accompanying Partners of International Students

Speaker 2: Aneta Slowick, University of Lower Silesia, Wroclaw, Poland, aneta.slowik.uls@gmail.com
Life-Space Mapping as a Counselling Intervention with Refugees and Asylum Seekers
 


TOPIC: WELL-BEING


COPING RESEARCH: APPLICATIONS FROM THE EARLY YEARS THROUGH TO ADULTHOOD
Erica Frydenberg 1,*
1Education, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1465
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Well-being

Introduction and objectives of the symposium: 
Stress and Coping have been arguably the most highly researched fields in psychology. Rather than focusing on deficits and incapacity it fits with contemporary views of psychology’s role in facilitating positive adaptation and ability to deal with circumstances. In this now well established field of endeavour we are able to identify the ways in which coping can contribute to resilience and wellbeing both through theoretical insights and universal or targetted interventions. There are three major theoretical underpinnings to coping research which are represented in this symposiu. The  foundational theory was laid down by Richard Lazarus (transactional theory) and the early work has been augmented by Stevan Hobfoll (COR theory) and Schwarzer and Greenglass (Proactive coping). Coping research and practice has traversed the full gamut of the life-span, from early years through to adulthood.
 
The aim of this symposium is to bring together coping researchers whose work in in the field of coping, regardless of the particular point in the life span that is being considered, identifies the capacities and resources that are important in enabling individuals to cope. Importantly, how can these capacities be developed, both directly and indirectly, and individually or collectively?
 
In drawing on the vast body of research on stress and coping over the past three to four decades the symposium wishes to identify touch points and triggers for advancing coping research and practice. Questions that we shall try ot address include: How can children and adults be assisted to develop a common language of coping that is useful for developing coping skills in the home and early years settings.  Similarly how can these skills be developed in the school setting as well as in the workplace.? What part can each of the key theories, namely transactional, COR and proactive coping theory play, and how can they be brought together in the service of effective life skill development?
 
The first part of the symposium will focus on a five year program of research with children in the early years settings, with a particular emphasis on assessment and practice. The second part of the symposium will focus on the preadolescent years and the third presentation will focus on coping skills and adults.
 
Speaker 1: Vicki MCKENZIE (University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia)
Building Adolescent Resources

Speaker 2: Erica FRYDENBERG (University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia)
Parents and Children’s Coping: Building Resilience and Wellbeing

WHAT IS WELL-BEING?
Roger G. Tweed 1,*
1Psychology, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Surrey, Canada

Symposium Reference: ICAP2014-SP1467
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic: Well-being

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
In order to promote well-being among societal members, researchers must first understand the nature of well-being.  In spite of the fact that many studies of well-being are published each year, the exact nature of well-being remains in dispute.  The structure of basic components such as life satisfaction can be disputed as can the relations between the different elements of well-being such as life satisfaction, happiness, meaning, need-fulfilment and flourishing.  There has been some agreement that well-being includes eudaimonic and hedonic components, but not all indicators of well-being fit neatly into these categories.  Thus, at a more detailed level, many controversies and unexplored questions exist.  Many studies examine correlates of well-being, and these have value, but fewer studies explore the nature of well-being.  A deeper understanding of the nature of well-being may facilitate efforts to promote well-being, and thus this topic deserves a place within applied psychology.  This symposium will explore the nature of well-being from theoretical and empirical perspectives.  Some attention will be given to the structure of life satisfaction, one of the most commonly studied indicators of psychological well-being.  That particular analysis provides an unusual perspective because the participants reporting life satisfaction were currently homeless.  Also, a naturally emerging structure among different types of well-being will be described.  That analysis relies on Goldberg’s top-down component analysis technique to explore relations between different types of well-being among adolescents.  The main purpose of the symposium is to gain a deeper understanding of the elements of well-being and the relations between different types of well-being.  Furthermore, the symposium will discuss the possibility that the nature of well-being may differ across different types of groups. 

Speaker 1: Carmel PROCTOR (Positive Psychology Research Centre, St Peter Port, Guernsey)
The naturally emerging structure of well-being: Big two or other framework?

Speaker 2: Roger G TWEED (Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Surrey, Canada)
Life satisfaction among people who are homeless in Canada: The two components

WELL-BEING OF YOUNG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV
J.Anitha Menon 1,*
1Psychology, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1486
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Well-being

Introduction and objectives of the symposium: With the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ARV), HIV has become more comparable to other chronic illnesses (Biswas, 2006), young people living with HIV and AIDS are still a vulnerable group. In addition to the normal developmental challenges of growing up, young people with HIV are expected to make lifestyle accommodations including practicing safe sex and adhering to an exacting drug regimens in order to keep well.  It is particularly challenging to address problems of adherence to medication and the psychosocial difficulties related to HIV and AIDS in young people in the context of extreme poverty and other stresses such as parental loss (Domek, 2006). Maintaining psychological wellbeing is an important target in the care of people with HIV since stress can impact directly on immune function (Segerstrom et al 2004).  Stress can also interfere with important self-management skills and thus have an indirect effect on health outcomes in HIV. 
Positive self- esteem has been established as a resilience factor in stress where as low self-esteem in adolescents is linked to poor health and deviant social behaviors (Daane, 2003). Positive self-esteem has also been linked with improved health and health maintenance behaviour (Leary, Schreindorfer, & Haupt, 1995; Task Force on the Family, 2003). Research findings suggest HIV positive individuals are more likely to experiences lower self-esteem than individuals with cancer, given the role of stigma associated with the diagnosis (Fife & Wright, 2000). It is also challenging to address self management and the psychosocial difficulties related to HIV in adolescents (Domek, 2006). Self-management has been identified as best practice in the care of people with chronic health conditions (WHO 2001) and Swenderman et al. (2009) have highlighted the need for a multidimensional approach to HIV care which both empowers patients to take control of their illness and also addresses  the psychosocial impact. Research suggests low self esteem to be common in HIV positive individuals and positive self-esteem to be associated with better health related behaviour, therefore enhancing self esteem may also have an impact on self management.
One of the interventions found useful with young people is peer support.Peer support groups among HIV positive youths are based on the notion ofuniversality (Yalom, 1985), in which individuals with a common issue can relate to shared experiences. Herman (1992) suggested that solace and comfort results from being with others who have undergone a similar situations.There is also evidence to support the potential effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for young people living with HIV/AIDS to promote social support, improve self management skills, reduce stress and promote emotional resilience and coping.
The objective of this symposium is to:
        1. Highlight research evidence on well- being of HIV positive young people
        2. Explore interventions to improve well-being of HIV positive young people
        3. Discuss holistic strategies to enhance psychosocial and physiological well-being of HIV positive young people

Speaker 1: J. Anitha Menon (Department of Psychology University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia)
Interventions to Improve Well-Being of HIV Positive Young People

Speaker 2: Anke van der Kwaak (Royal Tropical Institute, KIT, Amsterdam)
Discourse, Desires and Development: Young People Living with HIV


UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE COHORTS: FROM CRISIS TO SUSTAINABLE WELLBEING
Annette Andrews 1,*
1Counselling and Psychological Services, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1494

Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Well-being

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
University and college cohorts from crisis to sustainable wellbeing.This symposium will unpack the knowledge and the strategies generated within universities and colleges in response to concerns for student mental ill-health, mental health, resilience and academic success. Recent research into the mental health of university and college students has revealed some distrubing figures and trends. There is evidence that chronic stress affects academic performance. Suicide ideation, attempts, self harm, and serious mental ill-health presentations are being reported as increasingly prevelant among post-secondary student populations. A significant proportion of university students have been reported as experiencing moderate to extremely severe levels of psychological distress. University and college students have also been reported to demonstrate poorer mental health relative to general populations. Risk managment strategies for student behaviour associated with declining mental health and personality disorders are becoming commonplace within the university and college setting. Collegiate discussion suggests that these trends are reflected internationally. Many questions arise for those who work with university and college cohorts: Is the mental health and ill-health expressed by contemporary student cohorts reflecting the mental health and ill-health found in community populations at large? Are some of the most academically able struggling to demonstrate psychological resilience to life's challenges and vagaries while they are engaged in the pressured environment of higher education? Is the academic stresss undermining students' quality of life during a developmental phase (late adolescence to early adulthood) when psychologically there is more vulnerability for first episodes of mental ill-health? How can academic communities encourage the development of psychological literacy, psychological flexibility, and resilience and provide an academic environment that enhances and encourages student success and wellbeing? It is hoped that this open symposium will explore these questions and more and generate discussion and the exchange of ideas, strategies and interventions among colleagues employed within universities and colleges. Some of the symposium presenters have been generating data drawn from the university and college cohorts in which they work. They are exploring ways to use data to devise and guide interventions that develop and support student resilience, success and wellbeing.

Speaker 1: Annette Andrews (The University of New South Wales)
Unpacking Student Wellbeing measures administered amongst various cohorts (undergraduate and postgraduate and research) enrolled at a large research focused university. What can the data tell us to inform a whole of university approach to developing resilience and success?  Mapping a whole of university approach to resilience.

Speaker 2: Ann Mulder (Southern Cross University)
A snapshot of stressors in students from a regional Australian university. What stressors are concomitant with students reporting high distress?
ActBelongCommit: A positive mental health and wellbeing campaign.

Speaker 3: Helen M Stallman (University of South Australia)
Healthy Universities: Beyond mental health to a holistic approach to student wellbeing and success



Understanding the enigma called Wellbeing
Priya Bir 1,*Narender K. Chadha 1
1Psychology, UNIVERSITY OF DELHI, DELHI. INDIA, New Delhi, India

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1496

Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Well-being


Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
Ever since the emergence of the field of wellbeing, the literature on psychological well-being has progressed rapidly. Wellbeing is defined as not just the absence of disease or illness, but as a complex combination of a person's physical, mental, emotional and social health factors. Wellbeing is linked to how you feel about yourself and your life. Every aspect of your life influences your state of wellbeing. One can derive a sense of wellbeing from a happy intimate relationship, close friends, a fulfilling career, money, a fit body, leisure pursuits, healthy self-esteem, optimistic outlook, achievable goals, a sense of purpose and meaning and spirituality. The factors that influence wellbeing are interrelated. Current social indicators can capture aspects of quality of life but not the subjective well-being of people because they do not reflect the actual experiences such as the quality of relationships. Why is wellbeing so elusive? Wellbeing is important, but seems a little hard to come by. Measurement of wellbeing itself is difficult proposition as it is so subjective; how we feel about our life largely depends on how we perceive and evaluate it.  Much of what we think will improve our wellbeing is either misguided or just false. Contrary to what many people believe, wellbeing isn't just about being happy, nor is it only about being wealthy or successful. And it's certainly not limited to physical health and wellness. In fact, focusing on any of these elements in isolation may drive us to frustration and failure.
When striving to improve our lives, we are enticed by prospects that promise to make our lives better. While it might be easier to treat these critical areas in our lives as if they operate independently, they don't. These factors do not operate in isolation and can be understood in totality. This symposium is an effort to understand the concept of wellbeing in a holistic manner, looking at it from different perspectives.

 

TOPIC:  ETHICS


ETHICAL DECISION MAKING AROUND THE WORLD
Jacques Metzer 1,*
1Psychology, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1495

Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Ethics

Introduction and objectives of the symposium:
In the professional world of psychologists increasingly requiring complex Government regulation and guidance for ethical practice, there are in existence a number of models for decision making in the face of professional ethical dilemmas. With differences abound in cultural practices, it may be expected that such differences may mirror the particular models used by psychologists. Akin to such expectations is the question whether the professional practices used in different cultures rely on a set of ethical principles which are also culture specific, or whether they (and to what degree of priority) they also rely on universal ethical principles. In Australia, in use for the profession and also research in psychology, is the Australian Psychological Society’s Code of Ethics, adherence to which is mandatory for all members of the Society as well as all registered practising professional psychologists in the country through the Psychology Board of Australia's requirements via Regulations for professional psychological practice.
In this open symposium, The Australian Psychological Society's Code’s underlying principles will be addressed together with a recently developed model for professional ethical decision making. Presenters from other cultures and countries are invited to participate in the symposium with their professional Code of practice and any models for ethical decision making in professional practice particularly, and contribute to address the question above.
There are potentially several outcomes of such comparisons of world practices, and participators are also asked to address these. For example, do Codes suggest what to do in conflicts between ethical professional practice and requirements of workplace agencies, including Government agencies, in which psychologist practice? How stringent are such requirements, including adherence to Codes of psychological practice?
Reference: APS Code of Ethics

Speaker 1: Jacques Metzer (University of South Australia, Adelaide SA, Australia)
Australian Psychologists' Code of Ethics
 
Speaker 2: Sabine Hammond (The Australian Psychological Society Ltd, Melbourne Vic, Australia)
Ethical Decision-Making in the Context of the Australian Psychological Society’s Code of Ethics
 

 

TOPIC:  CULTURE AND CRITICAL PSYCHOLOGY


CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN COPING STYLES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH MEANINGS ASSOCIATED WITH SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING
Alicia Moreno-Cedillos 1,*Violeta Gutiérrez-Cruz 1
1Humanities, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Juárez, Mexico

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1524
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Culture and Critical Psychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium: Comparing diverse cultural groups information, has been questioned the universality of values and psychological theories assumptions. Such is the case about universal theories or universal values (hegemonic approaches ), meanwhile emerging approaches based on differences in cultures  appears, as  the case of indigenous psychologies , cross -cultural psychology , ethnopsychology, and so on.
Within the approach of cultural differences , there is research related to personality, coping styles , subjective wellbeing and  correlates with other bio -psycho- socio- cultural factors .
Few comparative studies between different cultures  have been found, but the importance of deepening studies and the need for from similar information efforts is showed by data.
Knowledge gained from new sources will continue building ethnopsychology theoretical developments and other cross -cultural psychology approaches.
It's important to share research findings, methodologies, instruments, experiences and different hierarchy about values and factors orders, and any other to theoretical o methodological   contributions

Objectives:
1. Analyze diverse studies, methodologies and difficulties for this type of studies
2. Have an approach to the state of the art, information about various topics discussed and their implications
3. Contribute to the discussion of the value of the cultural approach to the hegemonic approach to the study of the psychology of the people.
4. Search for best practices in crisis groups since a bio -psycho-socio -cultural scope

Speaker 1: Alicia Moreno-Cedillos  (Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez,  Ciudad Juárez, Chih. Mex.)
Comparation of connotative meanings of  violence, security and my city  between El Paso, Tx. USA and Juárez México scholars

Speaker 2: Violeta Gutierrez-Cruz (Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez,  Ciudad Juárez, Chih.Mex)
Coping styles differences at both sides of the  border between Mexico and USA.

 

 


TOPIC:  APPLIED GEROPSYCHOLOGY

 

Innovation in Applied Geropsychology: intergenerational learning new paradigm interventions
Marta Gonçalves 1,*
1CIS-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisbon, Portugal

Symposium Reference:  ICAP2014-SP1512
Symposium Language: ENGLISH
Topic:  Applied Geropsychology

Introduction and objectives of the symposium: Introduction:
Active ageing is the process of allowing individuals to continue participating in social, economic, cultural, spiritual and civic issues independently of their age. This process allows individuals to realize their potential for physical, social, and mental well-being throughout their life span and to participate in society, while providing them with adequate protection, security and care when they need. Ageism, discrimination against age, is a big actual social problem. It involves holding negative stereotypes about people of different ages: children, teenagers, adults or senior-citizens. The new intergerational learning paradigm can solve it by emphasizing the importance of the intergroup contact between generations where each group can learn from and teach the other. There are numerous benefits of intergenerational learning, namely in the contribution to the challenge of age stereotypes, in the promotion of social capital, in cognitive stimulation, in community development and in learning and practice.There is though a need to change the traditional view of one way intergenerational programs and practices based on the learning of the young through the old, to a view based on reciprocal relations between different generations.

Objectives:
The aim of this symposium is to present several interventions/experiments in different countries where the new intergenerational learning paradigm was used/tested in interventions. Based on concrete cases, the symposium will allow a discussion of implications for action, policy and future research within innovation in Applied Geropsychology based on the new intergenerational learning paradigm at international level and promote networking among the participants.

Speaker 1: Marta Gonçalves
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL, Lisboa, Portugal
Learning scientific skills together: an intergenerational course within an university in Portugal

 

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